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Shahrokh Amiri Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani Soulmaz Nazari Fatemeh Ranjbar Salman Abdi

Abstract

Background: This study systematically reviewed the literature in order to determine the effect of ADHD on injuries and assessed the magnitude of the potential association.

Methods: A systematic review of the studies examining the association of ADHD and injuries was carried out across multiple databases. Odds ratios and standardized mean differences were pooled.

Results: A total of 35 studies were selected for quantitative analysis. The association of ADHD and injuries was confirmed over the meta-analysis of eligible studies. The odds ratio pooled over all comparative studies was 1.96(95% CI: 1.6-2.4) using random effects model. Pooled odds ratio of 2.1 and 2.17 were calculated respectively when cohort and case-control studies or just cohort studies were included. The pooled odds ratio reduced to 1.8(CI:1.45-2.3) when studies on specific injuries were removed. For studies comparing scores of rating scales, the pooled standardized mean difference was 0.61(95% CI: 0.03-1.2).

Conclusions: Those with ADHD are nearly two times more likely to be injured.    

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How to Cite
AMIRI, Shahrokh et al. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and risk of injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 95-105, nov. 2016. ISSN 2008-4072. Available at: <http://www.jivresearch.org/jivr/index.php/jivr/article/view/858>. Date accessed: 16 dec. 2017.
Keywords
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Injuries; Accidents; Systematic review
Section
Review Article

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